There are six groups of sleep disorders according to the ICSD-2 classification (AASM): insomnia, respiratory disorders, hypersomnia, circadian rhythm disorders, parasomnia and movement disorders each of which requiring preventive measures, analysis and treatment.
The sleep disorders and prevention line researches technologies that could prevent, diagnose, monitor and treat any sleep disturbances that influence people’s health, productivity and performance.
In the first years of life, good sleep quality is essential for physical, intellectual and behavioral development. However, one third of children suffer from a sleep problem or disorder that then leads to diseases such as childhood obesity and hyperactivity. In addition, children’s vulnerability means that the risks associated with sleep may encompass chemical, physical, mechanical, ergonomic and biological risks.
This line generates knowledge and development opportunities related to risk reduction, such as sudden infant death syndrome, childhood insomnia or apnea-hypopnea.
MSDs are the result of diseases but also of repetitive daily activities (whether work-related or not), aging, postural risks or even the consequence of the somatization of stress and anxiety suffered by some people. MSDs, such as cervical and back pain, condition sleep quality as they produce discomfort and affect sleeping posture, causing disrupted sleep and altering latency and effective sleep time.
The MSDs line researches new preventive and palliative systems so that the body supports during sleep do not produce fatigue in the most vulnerable areas of the musculoskeletal system.
Physical activity and sport are essential for maintaining good health. Today sport is a regular activity and lifestyle not just for athletes but also for many people competing in amateur categories, taking up a major part of their leisure time. Sport tires the body and mind at which point recovery is essential.
The sport and recovery line researches the best technologies to encourage the physical and mental recovery of athletes in their daily training, when competing and particularly when recovering from injury, either with or without surgery, improving their performance.
Recent years have seen an exponential increase in the development of nanotechnologies and new materials. Their application in biomedical engineering is producing results and has proven to be a biocompatible and functional mechanism for human beings.
The nanotechnology line researches new technologies that prevent sleep disorders, reduce biological risks, improve the comfort of the sleeper and enhance the restorative function of sleep.